Your blood sugar and diabetes

If you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes, you are certainly not alone.

Diabetes affects more than 29 million people in the United States and approximately 415 million people worldwide. Although diabetes is a very common diagnosis, managing your disease is a very personal experience. Learning about your diabetes and treatment options such as insulin can help.

Diabetes is a disease where your blood sugar can be higher than normal. When you have diabetes:

  • Your pancreas makes little, not enough, or no insulin, or
  • Your body prevents the insulin you do make from working correctly

As a result, sugar can’t get into your cells, so it stays in your blood. This causes your blood sugar to stay too high (also called hyperglycemia).

Both high and low blood sugar can result in serious complications. That’s why controlling your blood sugar is an essential part of managing your diabetes.

Follow your health care provider's recommendation about the best time of day to check your blood sugar. Once you get a little practice checking your blood sugar, it will become part of your routine.

Find out how Levemir® can help you manage your blood sugar

See how diabetes affects your body


What are the symptoms of diabetes?

If you have diabetes, you may have some or all of these symptoms:

  • Increased thirst and hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss
  • Blurry vision
  • Feeling tired

You may also have problems with:

  • Scrapes or bruises healing slower than usual
  • Tingling or numbness in the limbs

Or you may have no symptoms at all.

What are the types of diabetes? 

Your health care provider may have spoken with you about your type of diabetes, but you may not know about the other types. Some of the types of diabetes are:

  • Type 1 diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body makes little or no insulin. People with this type of diabetes must take insulin every day. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, but can appear at any age
  • Type 2 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, your body prevents the insulin it does make from working right. Your body may make some insulin, but not enough. Most people with diabetes—about 90% to 95%—have type 2. This type of diabetes usually occurs in people who are older or those who are overweight. In fact, many people with type 2 diabetes are overweight

What causes type 2 diabetes?

No one knows the exact cause of type 2 diabetes. However, certain risk factors—such as being overweight, older, having a family history of type 2 diabetes, or having a lifestyle that doesn’t include staying active—may increase a person’s chance of developing type 2 diabetes.

Treating type 2 diabetes

Every person with diabetes is different. You and your diabetes care team may be able to work together to manage your disease in the following ways:

  • Diet and exercise
  • Diabetes pills
  • Noninsulin injection
  • Insulin (basal and/or bolus)

Even if you have been managing your diabetes well, there may come a time when you need to add insulin to your treatment plan. Moving to insulin is not a sign of failure. The truth is, many people with type 2 diabetes may need to take insulin at some point. This is a natural progression of diabetes. Although you can’t always control it, you can control the next step you take.

See if insulin is right for you